It-essentials v7.0 Chapter 10 Exam Answers

It-essentials v7.0 Chapter 10 Exam Answers

1. What are two types of computer user interface? (Choose two.)

CLI *

PnP

GUI *

OpenGL

API

Explanation: Two types of computer operating system user interfaces are CLI and GUI. CLI stands for command-line interface. In a command-line interface, a user enters commands at a prompt using a keyboard. The second type is the GUI, or graphical user interface. With this type of user interface, a user interacts with the operating system by working with icons and menus. A mouse, finger, or stylus can be used to interact with a GUI. PnP is the name of a process by which an OS assigns resources to different hardware components of a computer. The other answers are examples of Application Programming Interfaces, or APIs.

2. What are two default account types provided by Windows 10? (Choose two.)

Guest

Users

Administrator *

Standard User *

DefaultAccount

Explanation: Windows 10 offers two account types, namely, Administrator and Standard User. Guest is a built-in user account. DefaultAccount is a user account managed by the system. Users is a user group.

3. Which term best describes the process of breaking a program into smaller parts that can be loaded as needed by the operating system?

multithreading​ *

multiprocessing

multiuser​

multitasking​

Explanation: Thread is a small piece of a program in execution. Multi-processing is related to a system with more than one processor. Multi-user is related to a system that supports more than one user at the same time. Multi-task is a system that can perform more than one task at the same time.

4. What is the default file system used during a fresh installation of Windows 7?

NTFS *

HPFS

FAT16

FAT32

Explanation: While Windows XP can use either FAT or NTFS, Vista and Windows 7 can only be installed on an NTFS partition.

5. A user installs a new sound card driver in a computer that is working properly. After the installation of the drivers for the new sound card, the computer fails to boot. Which quick fix can the user implement to return to the previous working state?

Boot to Emergency Recovery State.

Boot to Last Known Good Configuration. *

Boot to Recovery Console.

Boot to Start Windows Normally.

Explanation: The last known Good Configuration is a copy of the last registry that is saved on successful login. Care should be exercised never to log in when you suspect any system instability because once you log in successfully, the Last Known Good Configuration will be overwritten with the current one.

6. What is a possible situation when it might be necessary to boot Windows 7 from a USB device, a CD, or a DVD?

to disable background services

to delete registry keys

to partition the hard drive

to repair the system *

Explanation: Disabling background services, deleting registry keys, and partitioning the hard drive do not require rebooting a PC. It might be necessary to boot a computer from a USB drive in order to repair the system in some situations.

7. What feature of an operating system allows it to support two or more CPUs?

multiprocessing *

multitasking

multiuser support

multithreading

Explanation: Multiprocessing allows an operating system to use two or more CPUs. Support for two or more users is provided by the multiuser feature. Multitasking allows multiple applications to run at the same time. Multithreading allows different parts of the same program to run at the same time.

8. What term is used to describe a logical drive that can be formatted to store data?

volume

track

sector

cluster

partition *

Explanation: Hard disk drives are organized by several physical and logical structures. Partitions are logical portions of the disk that can be formatted to store data. Partitions consist of tracks, sectors, and clusters. Tracks are concentric rings on the disk surface. Tracks are divided into sectors and multiple sectors are combined logically to form clusters

9. Which key, when pressed during the boot process, will allow the user to choose to start Windows in safe mode?

F8 *

F1

Esc

Windows

Explanation: Pressing the F8 key during the boot process will allow the user to choose to start the computer in Safe mode.

10. Which file system is used to access files over a network?

NFS *

NTFS

FAT

CDFS

Explanation: NFS (Network File System) is used to access files on other computers across a network. Windows operating systems support several file systems. FAT, NTFS, and CDFS are used to access files stored on drives installed in the computer.

11. Which statement is a feature of the Windows 8 operating system?

It supports a touch screen interface. *

It uses the Aero user interface.

It can be directly upgraded from Windows XP.

It is a 128-bit operating system.

Explanation: One of the features introduced with the Windows 8 operating system was the support for a touch screen interface to allow use on phones and tablets.

12. Which component of a CPU architecture allows the CPU immediate access to data?

registers *

cache

RAM

CMOS

Explanation: Registers are memory locations that are part of the architecture of a CPU. They provide a storage location for the logical functions performed on data.

13. When would the PXE option be used when repairing a PC?

The display cannot be seen clearly.

There is no response from the mouse or keyboard.

The computer needs a replacement operating system. *

A newly installed application caused the system to perform erratically.

Explanation: The Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE, but pronounced pixie) BIOS boot option is used to install an operating system from a remote network location.​

14. Which statement accurately describes the GUID partition table?

It is 512 bytes long and contains the boot loader.

It cannot be used in a multiboot environment.

It is commonly used in computers with UEFI firmware. *

It is not supported by Windows 10 Home edition.

Explanation: The GUID partition table, also referred to as GPT, expands on the limitations of the MBR and is commonly used in systems with UEFI firmware.

15. Which statement describes dynamic disks in a PC that is running Windows 10 Pro?

They have the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk. *

Free space can only be added from the same disk to extend the volume.

A partition created on a dynamic disk can be shrunk without deleting the partition first.

More space can be added to a partition by extending it into adjacent, unallocated space, as long as it is contiguous.

Explanation: A dynamic disk has the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk. The size of the partitions can be changed after they have been set, even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous. However, the partition size cannot be reduced without loss of data.

16. A technician wishes to deploy Windows 10 Pro upgrade to a group of employee PCs on the network and ensure that the user state migrates successfully. Which tool would the technician use to do this?

User State Migration *

Windows Easy Transfer

PCmover Express

Windows 10 Update Assistant

Explanation: USMT (User Migration State tool) is part of the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit that can be used to streamline and simplify user state migration during large deployments of Windows operating systems.

17. Which operating system does not support Windows Easy Transfer to transfer information from one computer to another?

Windows 8

Windows 10 *

Windows Vista

Windows 7

Explanation: Windows Easy Transfer is not supported in Windows 10 and is replaced with PCmover Express.

18. Which command line utility was developed by Microsoft to allow users to transfer files and settings to a new edition of Windows OS during an upgrade to Windows 10?

PCmover Express

Windows Easy Transfer

User State Migration Tool *

Windows Upgrade Assistant

Explanation: The User State Migration Tool (USMT) is a command line utility program developed by Microsoft that allows users to transfer files and settings between Windows PCs. Windows Easy Transfer is not available in Windows 10. PCmover Express is third party software. Windows Upgrade Assistant is used to prepare a computer for upgrading by checking for compatibility issues and downloading all necessary files to start the installation process.

19. Which operation in Windows 10 is limited to users with Administrator privileges only?

Run applications.

Modify user settings.

Change system settings.

Install software programs. *

Explanation: Administrator accounts have complete control over a computer. Standard user accounts have limited control over a computer. They can run applications, but cannot install programs. A standard user account can change system settings but only settings that do not affect other user accounts.

20. Which program file is loaded by the boot manager in a Windows boot process?

exe *

exe

exe

exe

Explanation: During a Windows boot process, once the boot manager, bootmgr.exe, has the control of the boot process, it first loads the Windows boot loader, winload.exe.

21. At the end of the boot process of Windows 10, the login program file winlogon.exe loads. Which program loads winlogon.exe?

dll

exe

exe *

exe

Explanation: During a Windows 10 boot process, after the Windows kernel, ntoskrnl.exe, takes over the process, it starts the login file, winlogon.exe and displays the Windows Welcome screen.

22. Which tab would be used to set the priority for a process in Windows 10 Task Manager?

Details *

Performance

Startup

Services

Explanation: The Windows 10 Task Manager has seven tabs. The Details tab allows setting a priority for a process.

23. Which statement describes a primary partition?

It is a physical section of a hard disk. It can contain an operating system to boot the system and cannot be subdivided. *

It is a section of an extended partition on an MBR. It can be used to separate information for administrative purposes.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

It is often used to organize data storage by subdividing it into as many as 23 logical sections.

24. Which statement describes formatting?

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage. *

It is often used to organize data storage by subdividing it into as many as 23 logical sections.

It is a section of an extended partition on an MBR. It can be used to separate information for administrative purposes.

It is used to boot an operating system by default.

25. Which statement describes the active partition?

It is used to boot an operating system by default. *

It is a section of an extended partition on an MBR. It can be used to separate information for administrative purposes.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

It is often used to organize data storage by subdividing it into as many as 23 logical sections.

26. Which statement describes formatting?

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage. *

It is often used to organize data storage by subdividing it into as many as 23 logical sections.

It is a section of an extended partition on an MBR. It can be used to separate information for administrative purposes.

It is a section of the disk, that is inaccessible to the user, containing an image that can be used to restore the computer to its original configuration.

27. Which statement describes the active partition?

It is used to boot an operating system by default. *

It is a section of the disk, that is inaccessible to the user, containing an image that can be used to restore the computer to its original configuration.

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

28. Which statement describes a recovery partition?

It is a section of the disk, that is inaccessible to the user, containing an image that can be used to restore the computer to its original configuration. *

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

It is a section of an extended partition on an MBR. It can be used to separate information for administrative purposes.

29. Which statement describes an extended partition?

It is often used to organize data storage by subdividing it into as many as 23 logical sections. *

It is a section of the disk, that is inaccessible to the user, containing an image that can be used to restore the computer to its original configuration.

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

30. Which statement describes the master boot record (MBR)?

It takes the first 512 bytes on the disk and contains the boot loader, an executable program that allows a user to choose from multiple operating systems. *

It is a section of the disk, that is inaccessible to the user, containing an image that can be used to restore the computer to its original configuration.

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

31. Which statement describes a logical drive?

It is a section of an extended partition on an MBR. It can be used to separate information for administrative purposes. *

It is a section of the disk, that is inaccessible to the user, containing an image that can be used to restore the computer to its original configuration.

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

32. Which statement describes the master boot record (MBR)?

It takes the first 512 bytes on the disk and contains the boot loader, an executable program that allows a user to choose from multiple operating systems. *

It is a process to create a file system in a partition or volume for file storage.

It is a type of disk with the ability to create volumes that span across more than one disk even if the unallocated space is noncontiguous.

It is a section of an extended partition on an MBR. It can be used to separate information for administrative purposes.

33. A technician has just purchased a new Windows 10 PC and wants to transfer selected files, folders, profiles, and applications from the old Windows PC. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

PCmover Express *

Upgrade Assistant

User State Migration Tool

Windows Task Manager

34. A manager wants to install Windows 10 directly onto a computer and needs help with the setup process. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

Upgrade Assistant *

User State Migration Tool

Windows Easy Transfer

Windows Boot Manager

35. A technician needs to capture the company user accounts, files, operating system settings, and application settings for migration into the new Windows 10 installation. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

User State Migration Tool *

Upgrade Assistant

Windows Easy Transfer

WinLoad

36. A support technician wants to upgrade a system to Windows 10 but is unsure whether the hardware and software on the existing system are compatible. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

Get Windows 10 app *

Upgrade Assistant

User State Migration Tool

Cortana Virtual Assistant

37. An analyst is running Windows 7 on the PC and is planning to migrate to Windows 8.1. The analyst wants help migrating the personal files and settings into the newer version. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

Windows Easy Transfer *

Upgrade Assistant

User State Migration Tool

Application manager

38. A manager wants to install Windows 10 directly onto a computer and needs help with the setup process. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

Upgrade Assistant *

Windows Easy Transfer

PCmover Express

Windows Boot Manager

39. An analyst is running Windows 7 on the PC and is planning to migrate to Windows 8.1. The analyst wants help migrating the personal files and settings into the newer version. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

Windows Easy Transfer *

User State Migration Tool

PCmover Express

Application manager

40. A technician has just purchased a new Windows 10 PC and wants to transfer selected files, folders, profiles, and applications from the old Windows PC. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

PCmover Express *

User State Migration Tool

Windows Easy Transfer

Windows Task Manager

41. A technician needs to capture the company user accounts, files, operating system settings, and application settings for migration into the new Windows 10 installation. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

User State Migration Tool *

Windows Easy Transfer

PCmover Express

WinLoad

42. A support technician wants to upgrade a system to Windows 10 but is unsure whether the hardware and software on the existing system are compatible. What tool or utility would be the best choice for the user?

Get Windows 10 app *

User State Migration Tool

Windows Easy Transfer

Cortana Virtual Assistant

43. True or False? Smartphones require an operating system before they can be operated.

True *

False

44. True or False? Modern operating systems boot the computer, manage the file system, and support only one user, task, or CPU.

False *

True

45. True or False? When a hardware device is installed, the operating system needs to use a device driver to access and use that hardware.

True *

False

46. True or False? When a user is working on a system that uses a network file system, there is no difference between accessing a file stored locally or on another computer on the network.

True *

False

47. True or False? Windows 10 64-bit version can be installed on as little as 1GB of hard drive space.

False *

True

48. True or False? DirectX is a collection of APIs related to multimedia tasks for Microsoft Windows.

True *

False

49. True or False? The registry is a database that only contains information about the device drivers on a computer.

False *

True

50. True or False? Multitasking describes a computer operating system that is capable of running multiple applications at the same time.

True *

False

51. True or False? Multithreading describes an operating system that can support two or more CPUs.

False *

True

52. True or False? A 32-bit operating system can address up to a maximum of 4 GB of RAM.

True *

False

 

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.